Economic Stress Model of Child Maltreatment and Child Protection System Involvement
This model provides an overview of the various explanations for a causal path from poverty or economic hardship to child maltreatment and child protection system (CPS) involvement. There is a large research literature suggesting that poverty is a correlate of child maltreatment. It is important to understand why such a relationship exists, in order to consider how to effectively address it. I find that much of the existing literature either conflates child maltreatment with CPS involvement, or does not adequately control for competing explanations of an observed association between poverty and child maltreatment or CPS involvement. The present model offers guidance on how to think about designing research on this topic, with the goal of contributing to a better understanding of the etiology of these social problems. See the notes view of the slide for a more detailed explanation of the model.